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17:00 -- 18:30 数理科学研究科棟(東京大学駒場キャンパス)
Tea: 16:30 -- 17:00 コモンルーム

Last updated January 31, 2019
河野 俊丈
河澄 響矢
北山 貴裕
逆井 卓也

10月2日 -- 056号室, 17:00 -- 18:30

鮑 園園 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)

An Alexander polynomial for MOY graphs

Abstract: An MOY graph is a trivalent graph equipped with a balanced coloring. In this talk, we define a version of Alexander polynomial for an MOY graph. This polynomial is the Euler characteristic of the Heegaard Floer homology of an MOY graph. We give a characterization of the polynomial, which we call MOY-type relations, and show that it is equivalent to Viro’s gl(1 | 1)-Alexander polynomial of a graph. (A part of the talk is a joint work of Zhongtao Wu)

10月9日 -- 056号室, 17:00 -- 18:30

Boris Hasselblatt (Tufts University)

Foulon surgery, new contact flows, and dynamical complexity

Abstract: A refinement of Dehn surgery produces new contact flows that are unusual and interesting in several ways. The geodesic flow of a hyperbolic surface becomes a nonalgebraic contact Anosov flow with larger orbit growth, and the purely periodic fiber flow becomes parabolic or hyperbolic. Moreover, Reeb flows for other contact forms for the same contact structure have the same complexity. Finally, an idea by Vinhage promises a quantification of the complexity increase.

10月16日 -- 056号室, 17:00 -- 18:30

Daniel Matei (IMAR Bucharest)

Resonance varieties and matrix tree theorems

Abstract: We discuss the resonance varieties, encoding vanishing of cohomology cup products, of various classes of finitely presented groups of geometric and combinatorial origin. We describe the ideals defining those varieties in terms spanning trees in a similar vein with the classical matrix tree theorem in graph theory. We present applications of this description to 3-manifold groups and Artin groups.

10月23日 -- 056号室, 17:00 -- 18:30

François Fillastre (Université de Cergy-Pontoise)

Co-Minkowski space and hyperbolic surfaces

Abstract: There are many ways to parametrize two copies of Teichmueller space by constant curvature -1 Riemannian or Lorentzian 3d manifolds (for example the Bers double uniformization theorem). We present the co-Minkowski space (or half-pipe space), which is a constant curvature -1 degenerated 3d space, and which is related to the tangent space of Teichmueller space. As an illustration, we give a new proof of a theorem of Thurston saying that, once the space of measured geodesic laminations on a compact hyperbolic surface is identified with the tangent space of Teichmueller space via infinitesimal earthquake, then the length of laminations is an asymmetric norm. Joint work with Thierry Barbot (Avignon).

10月30日 -- 056号室, 17:00 -- 18:30

志賀 啓成 (東京工業大学)

The quasiconformal equivalence of Riemann surfaces and a universality of Schottky spaces

Abstract: In the theory of Teichmüller space of Riemann surfaces, we consider the set of Riemann surfaces which are quasiconformally equivalent. For topologically finite Riemann surfaces, it is quite easy to examine if they are quasiconformally equivalent or not. On the other hand, for Riemann surfaces of topologically infinite type, the situation is rather complicated.

In this talk, after constructing an example which shows the complexity of the problem, we give some geometric conditions for Riemann surfaces to be quasiconformally equivalent. Our argument enables us to see a universality of Schottky spaces.

11月6日 -- 056号室, 17:30 -- 18:30

尾國 新一 (愛媛大学)

Coarsely convex spaces and a coarse Cartan-Hadamard theorem

Abstract: A coarse version of negatively-curved spaces have been very well studied as Gromov hyperbolic spaces. Recently we introduced a coarse version of non-positively curved spaces, named them coarsely convex spaces and showed a coarse version of the Cartan-Hadamard theorem for such spaces in a joint-work with Tomohiro Fukaya (arXiv:1705.05588). Based on the work, I introduce coarsely convex spaces and explain a coarse Cartan-Hadamard theorem, ideas for proof and its applications to differential topology.

11月8日(木) 開催日, 時刻にご注意下さい -- 056号室, 10:30 -- 12:00

Michael Heusener (Université Clermont Auvergne)

Deformations of diagonal representations of knot groups into SL(n,C)

Abstract: This is joint work with Leila Ben Abdelghani, Monastir (Tunisia). Given a manifold $M$, the variety of representations of $\pi_1(M)$ into $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$ and the variety of characters of such representations both contain information of the topology of $M$. Since the foundational work of W.P.\ Thurston and Culler \& Shalen, the varieties of $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$-characters have been extensively studied. This is specially interesting for $3$-dimensional manifolds, where the fundamental group and the geometrical properties of the manifold are strongly related. However, much less is known of the character varieties for other groups, notably for $\mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$ with $n\geq 3$. The $\mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$-character varieties for free groups have been studied by S.~Lawton and P.~Will, and the $\mathrm{SL}(3,\mathbb{C})$-character variety of torus knot groups has been determined by V.~Munoz and J.~Porti. In this talk I will present some results concerning the deformations of diagonal representations of knot groups in basic notations and some recent results concerning the representation and character varieties of $3$-manifold groups and in particular knot groups. In particular, we are interested in the local structure of the $\mathrm{SL}(n,\mathbb{C})$-representation variety at the diagonal representation.

11月13日 -- 056号室, 17:00 -- 18:30

正井 秀俊 (東京工業大学)

On continuity of drifts of the mapping class group

Abstract: When a group is acting on a space isometrically, we may consider the "translation distance" of random walks, which is called the drift of the random walk. In this talk we consider mapping class group acting on the Teichmüller space. We first recall several characterizations of the drift. The drift is determined by the transition probability of the random walk. The goal of this talk is to show that the drift varies continuously with the transition probability measure.

11月20日 -- 056号室, 17:00 -- 18:30

逆井 卓也 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)

Torelli group, Johnson kernel and invariants of homology 3-spheres

Abstract: There are two filtrations of the Torelli group: One is the lower central series and the other is the Johnson filtration. They are closely related to Johnson homomorphisms as well as finite type invariants of homology 3-spheres. We compare the associated graded Lie algebras of the filtrations and report our explicit computational results. Then we discuss some applications of our computations. In particular, we give an explicit description of the rational abelianization of the Johnson kernel. This is a joint work with Shigeyuki Morita and Masaaki Suzuki.

11月27日 -- 056号室, 17:00 -- 18:00

加藤 本子 (東京大学大学院数理科学研究科)

Fixed points for group actions on non-positively curved spaces

Abstract: In this talk, we introduce a fixed point property of groups which is a broad generalization of Serre's property FA, and give a criterion for groups to have such a property. We also apply the criterion to show that various generalizations of Thompson's group T have fixed points whenever they act on finite dimensional non-positively curved metric spaces, including CAT(0) spaces. Since Thompson's group T is known to have fixed point free actions on infinite dimensional CAT(0) spaces, it follows that there is a group which acts on infinite dimensional CAT(0) spaces without global fixed points, but not on finite dimensional ones.

12月4日 -- 056号室, 17:00 -- 18:30

Vincent Florens (Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour)

Slopes and concordance of links

Abstract: We define the slope of a link associated to admissible characters on the link group. Away from a certain singular locus, the slope is a rational function which can be regarded as a multivariate generalization of the Kojima-Yamasaki η-function. It is the ratio of two Conway potentials, provided that the latter makes sense; otherwise, it is a new invariant. We present several examples and discuss the invariance by concordance. Joint with A. Degtyarev and A. Lecuona.

12月11日 -- 056号室, 17:30 -- 18:30

石田 政司 (大阪大学)

On non-singular solutions to the normalized Ricci flow on four-manifolds

Abstract: A solution to the normalized Ricci flow is called non-singular if the solution exists for all time and the Riemannian curvature tensor is uniformly bounded. In 1999, Richard Hamilton introduced it as an important special class of solutions and proved that the underlying 3-manifold is geometrizable in the sense of Thurston. In this talk, we will discuss properties of 4-dimensional non-singular solutions from a gauge theoretical point of view. In particular, we would like to explain gauge theoretical invariants give rise to obstructions to the existence of 4-dimensional non-singular solutions.

12月18日 -- 056号室, 17:30 -- 18:30

鳥居 猛 (岡山大学)


Abstract: K(n)局所安定ホモトピー圏はスペクトラムの安定ホモトピー圏の基本構成単位と考えられる。 この講演ではMorava E理論とその安定化群との関係が明確になるようなK(n)局所安定ホモトピー圏のモデルを構成する。 そのために、Behrens-Davisにより研究された副有限群Gに対する離散対称Gスペクトラムについて考える。 そして、K(n)局所安定ホモトピー圏が、 離散対称G_nスペクトラムの圏におけるE_nの離散モデル上の加群のホモトピー圏の中に実現されることを示す。

12月20日(木) 開催日, 時刻にご注意下さい -- 056号室, 13:00 -- 14:30

Anderson Vera (Université de Strasbourg)

Johnson-type homomorphisms and the LMO functor

Abstract: One of the main objects associated to a surface S is the mapping class group MCG(S). This group plays an important role in the study of 3-manifolds. Reciprocally, the topological invariants of 3-manifolds can be used to obtain interesting representations of MCG(S). One possible approach to the study of MCG(S) is to consider its action on the fundamental group P of the surface or on some subgroups of P. This way, we can obtain some kind of filtrations of MCG(S) and homomorphisms, called Johnson type homomorphisms, which take values in certain spaces of diagrams. These spaces of diagrams are quotients of the target space of the LMO functor. Hence it is natural to ask what is the relation between the Johnson type homomorphisms and the LMO functor. The answer is well known in the case of the Torelli group and the usual Johnson homomorphisms. In this talk we consider two other different filtrations of MCG(S) introduced by Levine and Habiro-Massuyeau. We show that the respective Johnson homomorphisms can also be deduced from the LMO functor.

1月8日 -- 056号室, 17:00 -- 18:30

Marek Kaluba (Adam Mickiewicz Univeristy)

On property (T) for Aut(Fn) and SLn(Z)

Abstract: We prove that Aut(Fn) has Kazhdan's property (T) for every n≥6. Together with a previous result of Kaluba, Nowak, and Ozawa, this gives the same statement for n≥5. We also provide explicit lower bounds for the Kazhdan constants of SAut(Fn) (with n≥6) and of SLn(Z) (with n≥3) with respect to natural generating sets. In the latter case, these bounds improve upon previously known lower bounds whenever n>6.

1月15日 -- 056号室, 17:00 -- 18:30

久野 雄介 (津田塾大学)

Generalized Dehn twists on surfaces and homology cylinders

Abstract: This is a joint work with Gwénaël Massuyeau (University of Burgundy). Lickorish's trick describes Dehn twists along simple closed curves on an oriented surface in terms of surgery of 3-manifolds. We discuss one possible generalization of this description to the situation where the curve under consideration may have self-intersections. Our result generalizes previously known computations related to the Johnson homomorphisms for the mapping class groups and for homology cylinders. In particular, we obtain an alternative and direct proof of the surjectivity of the Johnson homomorphisms for homology cylinders, which was proved by Garoufalidis-Levine and Habegger.

2月12日 -- 056号室, 17:00 -- 18:30

Anastasiia Tsvietkova (沖縄科学技術大学院大学, Rutgers University)

Representations of knot groups

Abstract: We describe a new method of producing equations for the representation variety of a knot group into (P)SL(2,C). Unlike known methods, this does not involve any polyhedral decomposition or triangulation of the link complement, and uses only a link diagram satisfying a few mild restrictions. This results in a simple algorithm that can often be performed by hand, and in many cases, for an infinite family of knots at once. This is a joint work with Kathleen Peterson (Florida State University).